Toenail problems tend to be more common with advancing age. Problems include fungal infection, nail deformities and brittle nails.
Causes of nail problems include trauma, ill-fitting shoes, poor circulation and infection.
Corns and calluses can develop due to pressure on the foot, this could be due to footwear or due to the way we stand, walk or run. The body responds to the pressure by producing thickenings in the surface layer of the skin. These hard patches of skin are called calluses and are part of the body’s defense system to protect the underlying tissues.
If the cause of pressure is not relieved, calluses become painful. Common sites of corn and callus formation include the ball of the foot, under the big toe, tips and tops of toes and between the toes.
The presence of a central ‘core’ suggests a corn has formed. Corns can be in the form of hard or soft corns. Corns and calluses can cause inflammation, which can result in pain, swelling and redness.
Treatment options and solutions range from removing the callus or corn, to footwear advice, redistributing the pressure with the use of padding or strapping and in some cases orthotics.